Sunday 17 May 2020


Answer the following questions in SHORT
 1. Define security?
 2. What are core values of a country?
3. Name the traditional notions of security.
4. What is Deterrence?
5. What is defence?
6. What is balance of power?
7. Give any one example of terrorist attack on US.
 8. What is alliance building?
9. What is internal security?
10. What is external security?
 11. What is Referent?
12. What are CBMs?
13. Name Arms control treaty.
14. What are the  sources of threats.
15. What is  human rights.
 16. What is migration?
17. Name any two health epidemics.
21. What is cooperative security?
22. Name any one measure used by India to strengthen its security.
23. What is disarmament?
 24. Mention the efforts towards arms—control.  
25. What is human security?
26. Define global security?
27. What are the various new threats to security?
28. How is terrorism a security threat?
29. How are human rights a threat to security?
 30. How does global poverty affect security?
31. How does migration affect security?
32. Are health epidemics a cause of security concern?
33. What is Cooperative Security?
34. How are threats the posed by the third world countries different from those of developed states?
 35. Is terrorism a traditional or non—traditional threat to security? How?
36. What are the choices available to a state when its traditional security perspective is threatened?
37. What is Balance of Power? How could a nation achieve it?
38. Is environmental degradation a threat to security? Explain.
39. What is a military alliance? Explain with examples.
40. How do nuclear weapons act as deterrence for security?
Explain. Long Answer Type Questions
1. What is security? What are the internal and external aspects of traditional concept of security? 
2. How is cooperation possible in traditional security? 
3. What is the Non-traditional concept of security? Explain. 
4. Examine the new sources of threat in contemporary world politics. 
5. What is Cooperative Security? When is use of force justified?
 6. What are the security concerns of India? What are its traditional and non-traditional forms? Substantiate your answer with examples.

Saturday 11 April 2020

Election of five-non-permanent members of the Security Council

World leaders speak at United Nations general assembly – watch live

1) What did the end of Cold War signify?
 2) Name two super powers during the Cold War era.
3) Which movement proved to be a challenge to super powers?
4) Give full forms of:  _NAM·  _NIEO·  _  USSR·  _NATO·  _SEATO·  _CENTO·  _LDCs·  _UNCTAD·  _LTBT·       _NPT  _       SALT – I  _        SALT – II·  _        START – I·  _       START – II·
 5) Describe Cuban Missile Crisis.
6) Why were nuclear missiles placed in Cuba by USSR?
7) What was the reaction of U.S to the placing of missiles in Cuba by USSR? Why was it so?
 8) What was the result of the Cuban Missile Crisis? OR How did the Cuban Missile Crisis end?
9) What was the significance of the Cuban Missile Crisis? OR Which event is considered as the high point of cold war?
 10) What is the difference between a Cold War and a Hot War?
 11) Describe Cold War situation after the Second World War.
 12) Name the Allied and Axis powers during the Second World War.
 13) Who won the Second World War?
14) Give the time duration of the First World War and the Second World War.
15) What was the result of the end of the Second World War?
 16) How did the Second World War end?
 17) What arguments were given for and against the dropping of atom bombs. By U.S over Japan? 18) How did the ―logic of deterrence‖ work in the case of Cold War? OR Why did the Cold War remain cold not hot?
 19) What were the main features of the Cold War?
 20) Name the countries of ―Western‖ and ―Eastern‖ Alliances formed during, The Cold War.
 21) When did the Western and the Eastern Alliances come into existence?
 22) Give one example of a crack in the alliance system.
23) Why did the super powers need allies?
24) Why did the smaller states join the alliances?
25) What does arena of ‗Cold War‘ refer to?
26) Which were the main arenas of Cold War?
27) What factors contributed to the reduction of Cold War conflicts?
28) How did the Cold War lead to arms race?
29) What efforts were made to eliminate the arms race?
30) What came as a challenge to Bipolarity?
31) Name the five founders of NAM (leaders and countries).
32) When and where was the first NAM summit held?
33) What factors lead to the formation of NAM?
 34) How many members were there in the first summit of NAM?
35) Explain the following statement: ―The policy of staying away from alliances should not be considered, Isolationism or neutrality‖
36) What do you mean by New International Economic Order? OR How did the idea of NIEO originate?
37) What economic reforms were suggested by UNCTAD report of 1972?
38) ________________ became an economic pressure group by 1970‘s.
 39) Why did NIEO fail by 1980‘s?
40) What role has India played in the Cold War situation?
41) How did India‘s Non Aligned Policy help it?
42) On what grounds has India‘s Non Aligned Policy been criticized?
43) What do you think about the statement that ―NAM has become irrelevant? Today‖? Give reasons to support your opinion
44) Name the US President and the leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
 45) Name the allied powers in the Second World War.
46) Name the Japanese cities on which the US dropped the atomic bombs.
 47) US represents the ideology of.....................
48) Soviet Union represented the ideology of...................
 49) Cuban Missiles Crisis was on account of ..................... placed in Cuba By.......................
50) Name two members of the western alliance.
51) Name two members of the eastern alliance.
52) Name two member of the communist bloc
53) Name two members of the capitalist bloc.
54) Name two members of NAM.
 55) Name two members of NATO.
 56) Name two members of SEATO.
 57) Name two members of the Warsaw Pact.
58) Name any two members of CENTO.
59) Name any two treaties signed by the US and U.S.R which aimed at bringing about arms control

 1) Which three world events signify the end of Bipolarity?
2) What was the soviet system?
3) Why was the Soviet Union called a great power after the Second World War?
 4) Why was Soviet Union system called authoritarian?
 5) How did Gorbachev bring about disintegration of USSR?
 6) Why were economic reforms necessary in USSR?
7) When did military coup take place in USSR? Who supported it?
8) Write a short note on the role of Boris Yeltsin.
9) What changes came in the Soviet system after the disintegration of the USSR?
 10) Why did the Soviet Union disintegrate?
 11) Name three Baltic States?
 12) Who was the last leader of the Soviet Union?
 13) Name two economic and political reform policies of Gorbachev.
 14) When did the Soviet Union end?
15) Why were prosperous parts of the Soviet Union dissatisfied with it?
 16) What were the consequences of Soviet disintegration on world politics?
 17) What was known as ―shock - therapy‖ in the Post – Communist regimes?
 18) What did the ―shock – therapy‖ involve?
 19) What were the negative and positive consequences of ―Shock – therap?
20) What kind of tensions and conflicts are seen in the Post-Soviet era in a) Russia b) Central Asian Republics c) Eastern Europe
 21) What kind of relations does India have with Post-Communist countries?
 22) How can India get benefited by the Russian friendship?
23) How can Russia benefit due to India‘s friendship?
 24) The soviet political system was based on which ideology?
25) Mention any three features that distinguish the soviet economy from that of a capitalist economy.
 26) What was called as the largest garage sale in History?
 27) Mention any two characteristics of the Soviet Political system.
 28) Why did the Soviet system? become weak?
29) What was shock therapy?
 30) What was Gorbachev‘s role in reforming the Communist Party?
 31) "Rise of nationalism is considered to be the most important cause for dis-integration of U.S.S.R". Do you agree with this?
 32) What is the difference between nationalism and secessionism?
 33) Why did the Soviet Union collapse inspite of Gorbachev‘s accurate diagnosis of the problem?
 34) How did the shock therapy adversely affect the Social structure?
 35) Differentiate between Soviet Economy & the capitalist economy
36) What were the causes for the disintegration of the Soviet system?
 37) What were the consequences of the disintegration of Soviet Union on world politics?
 38) Discuss India‘s relations with Russia.
 39) Discuss lndia‘s relations with former U.S.S.R.

                       CHAPTER – 3 - U.S HEGEMONY IN WORLD POLITICS
1) Which type of U.S Hegemony effected Ayesha, Jabu and Andrei?
 2) Which events marked the beginning of the ―New World Order?
3) When did U.S Hegemony begin?
 4) Explain the events associated with the First Gulf War.
 5) Why did U.S launch Operation Desert Storm?
 6) How did the First Gulf War help U.S to establish its Hegemony in the world affairs?
7) Which years are called Clinton Years?
8) What was the foreign policy of U.S during Clinton Years? How was it different from Gorge H.W. Bush‘s time?
9) When did U.S show its military power during Clinton Years?
 10) Why did President Clinton order Operation Infinite Reach?
 11) Why did U.S launch Global War Terror?
 12) What happened on 11th September 2001?
 13) When did U.S launch Operation Enduring Freedom?
 14) Why did U.S invade Iraq on 19th March, 2003? Why is this invasion termed as military and political failure on the part of U.S?
 15) What does Hegemony mean?
16) What is the meaning of Unipolar System?
 17) Explain three kinds of U.S Hegemony with the help of examples.
18) What are the constraints on American Power?
 19) Evaluate India‘s changing relationship with the U.S.
20) What are the three possible strategies of Indo-U.S relations suggested by the three schools of thought?
 21) What are the three possible ways of overcoming U.S Hegemony?
 22) What is Band Wagon Strategy‘?
23) What do you mean by Hide Strategy‘ to overcome U.S Hegemony?
24) How can non-state actors help in overcoming U.S Hegemony?
25) How is U.S dominance since the Cold War different from its position as a Super Power?
26) Briefly explain the objective of the following: a) Operation Desert storm b) Operation Infinite Reich c) Global War of Terror
 27) How North Atlantic Treaty organization is able to moderate the exercise of US hegemony?
28) American military dominance today is both absolute and relative. Comment
29) How did the first Gulf War reveal the technological gap between the US and the other states? 30) "Operation Desert storm though a UN operation was overwhelmingly American.
 31) "Operation Enduring freedom was a war on terror. Comment.
32) The Iraq invasion created a deep humanitarian crisis in Iraq & deep politics in the international system comment.
33) What is bandwagon Strategy?
34) "lf big and resourceful states cannot resist the US hegemony it is unrealistic to expect much smaller and weaker non state actors to offer any resistance. Examine the statement and give your opinion.
Q.35 "The pre dominance of the US in the world today is based on its military power, economic power and on its cultural presence". Comment.
Q. 36 Critically analyse lndia‘s relationship with the US after the cold war era. What type of relationship do you think India wants with US in this phase of Global hegemony?
 Q.37 Explain the most important constraint on the exercise of American power today.
1) Write the full forms of: EU, ASEAN, OEEC, and UNSC.
2) When were the following found: OEEC, The Council of Europe,  European  Economic Committee,        and  European Union.
3) What are the aims of European Union? OR Why was European Union Formed?
4) What are the features of European Union?
5) Which factors brought about the formation of European Union?
6) How does EU exercise its economic, political, diplomatic and military Influence?
7) Name the currency of EU.
8) Why was ASEAN formed?
 9) When was ASEAN formed? OR Which development lead to the creation of ASEAN?
10) Name the five founding member countries of ASEAN.
11) What do you know about Bangkok Declaration?
12) What were the objectives of ASEAN?
 13) What is the present membership of ASEAN?
 14) Name the five new members of ASEAN.
 15) What is the term ASEAN way‘ used for?
16) How is ASEAN different from EU?
 17) How has broadened its objectives in 2003?
18) Name the three communities established by ASEAN.
 19) What is the full form of ARF?
20) When was ARF formed? What work does it carry out?
21) What is FTA? 22) What is the ASEAN vision 2020?
23) Explain India‘s relationship with ASEAN countries.
24) With which two ASEAN countries has India signed FTAs?
25) Why  is ASEAN primarily considered as economic association?
26) What work has been done by ASEAN Security Community?
27) What factors make China a strong economic power?
 28) Which model of economy was adopted by China in 1949?
 29) What were the benefits and shortcomings of the mode?
30) Which major policy decisions were taken by Chinese leadership in the 1970‘s?
31) What were the new economic policies adopted by China in 70‘s, 80‘s, And 90‘s?
32) What has been the effect of new economic policies adopted by China?
33) What are the limitations of Chinese economic reforms? OR In what areas have Chinese economic reforms failed?
34) Why is it said that ―Regionally and Globally, China has become an Economic power to reckon with?
35) Identify the three issues of conflict between China and India.
36) Explain the role of emerging alternative centres of power in transforming the different countries into prosperous economies.
37) Why do India and China both view themselves as rising powers in global politics in spite of tension between them?
38) Explain the positive developments in Indo Chinese relations after 1976.
1) What factors make South Asia a turbulent region?
2) What is South Asia? Name the countries.
3) What factors contribute to the distinctiveness of the South Asian sub continent?
4) What is the nature of political systems of the South Asian countries – Democratic or Non Democratic?
5) What is the attitude of South Asian people towards democracy?
6) What role has been played by military in Pakistan?
7) What factors have contributed to Pakistan‘s failure in building a stable democracy?
8) Bangladesh belonged to which country earlier? What was it made of?
 9) Why did the people of Bangladesh want freedom?
10) What are the three principles of Bangladesh constitution?
11) Why was Sheikh Mujib killed?
 12) Explain Bangladesh‘s struggle for democracy after its creation.
 13) In which years was Bangladesh a part of Pakistan?
14) Name the political parties of the following: a) Sheikh Mujib-ur Rehman b) Ziaur Rehman
 15) Name the Bangladesh military ruler who was made to step down in 1990.
16) Explain the struggle for democracy in Nepal.
17) What is termed as triangular conflict in Nepal‘s struggle for democracy?
 18) What happened in April 2006 in Nepal.
19) Why was LTTE formed in Sri Lanka? OR Explain the ethnic conflict of Sri Lanka.
20) What is the full form of LTTE?
21) Which Scandinavian countries tried to mediate in Sri Lanka?
22) What are the causes of conflict between India and Pakistan?
 23) How have India and Pakistan solved their problem of sharing of river waters?
24) What are the areas of conflict between India and Bangladesh?
25) How have India and Bangladesh cooperated?
26) Why is it said that India and Nepal share a special relationship?
 27) What are the areas of dispute between India and Nepal?
28) Explain the causes of conflict and efforts of cooperation between India and Sri Lanka.
29) Explain India‘s friendly relations with Bhutan and Maldives.
 30) What are the full forms of SAARC and SAFTA?
31) Why was SAARC formed?
32) Why was SAFTA signed?
33) Does India try to dominate South Asian region? Give your views about this impression of India‘s neighbours
                                       CHAPTER – 6 -INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
1) When was United Nations Organizations referred to as UN?
 2) Why are international organizations formed?
3) Why was UN formed?
4) What is the full form of IMF?
5) What work is performed by IMF?
6) When was UN founded? OR Which day is celebrated as UN day?
7) When did India join the UN?
8) Which international organization was formed after the First World War? Why did it fail?
9) How many original members were there in UN?
10) How many members did UN have in 2006?
11) Who is the head of UN? Name the post, the present head and his Country.
12) Give full forms of the following UN agencies: a) WHO b) UNDP c) UNHRC d) UNHCR e) UNICEF f) UNESCO
13) What are the two basic kinds of reforms needed in UN?
 14) What kind of reforms are needed in UN structures and processes?
15) How has the world seen change after the cold war?
16) Why are reforms needed in UN Security Council? OR What did UN General Assembly Resolution of 1992 say about the reform of UN Security Council?
 17) What new criteria have been suggested for being a member of Security Council? What are the problems in these criteria?
18) Write short notes on the following: a) World Bank b) WTO c) IAEA d) Amnesty International
19) What is the nature of the present membership of UN Security Council?
20) What is the VETO power?
21) What can be the effects of abolition or modification of VETO power?
22) What steps were suggested in September 2005 to make UN more effective?
23) Why does India want restructuring of UN?
24) When was UN Security Council membership expanded? How much was the expansion?
 25) What arguments are given by India in favour of a permanent seat in Security Council? OR What are India‘s claims to a permanent seat in Security Council?
26) How will permanent membership of Security Council help India?
 27) Why do countries question permanent membership of India in UN? OR Why is it not easy for India to be a permanent member of the Security Council?
28) Why is US dominating UN? OR Why is US exercising considerable influence over UN?
29) In spite of the US dominance, why is UN considered useful? OR Explain the statement: ―The UN is an imperfect body, but without it the World would be worse off

Thursday 2 April 2020

  1. When was SAFTA started?
1.       January 2002
2.      January 2004
3.      January 2000
4.      January 2003
  1. Whose mediation resolved the ‘Indus River Waters Dispute’ between India and Pakistan?
  2. Which political party dominates the political affairs of Maldives?
  3. Mention any two objectives of SAARC.
  4. Mention the names of member states of SAARC.
  5. “Democracy in South Asia has expanded the global imagination of democracy”. Do you agree? Justify.
  6. Mention some features of Indo-Bhutan relationship.
  7. Highlight any two issues of cooperation as well as confrontation each between India and Bangladesh.
  8. Explain India’s changing relationship with Pakistan.
10. Assess the positive and negative aspects of India’s relations with Bangladesh. How can these relationship be improved?
  1. On a political outline map of world locate and label the following and symbolise them as indicate.
    1. A landlocked country with multi-party competition.
    2. Centrally located and shares borders with most South Asian Countries.
    3. Earlier the island had Sultan as head, now its a republic.
    4. A landlocked country with a monarchy. Country, where military has prevailed over democracy
    5.  The country has experienced civilian as well as a military rule both.
    6.  Democracy was restored in this country in 2006.
    7. This country is still a monarchy.
    8.  The Parliament of this country voted unanimously to introduce a multiparty system in June 2005.
    9.  This country is a part of India’s ‘Look East Policy via Myanmar’.

12. Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the following questions

    1. The given cartoon is related to which country?
    2. What is the full form of LTTE?
    3. What was the main demand of LTTE?
    4. Rajapakse is trying to perform which political act?
13.  Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions those are following
The lack of genuine international support for democratic rule in Pakistan has further encouraged the military to continue its dominance. The United States and other Western countries have encouraged the military’s authoritarian rule in the past, for their own reasons. Given their fear of the threat of what they call ‘global Islamic terrorism’ and the apprehension that Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal might fall into the hands of these terrorist groups, the military regime in Pakistan has been seen as the protector of Western interests in West Asia and South Asia.
(i) What is meant by ‘Global Islamic Terrorism’?
(ii) Why did Pakistan lack genuine international support for a democratic rule?
(iii) Why was the military regime in Pakistan considered as the protector of Western interests in West Asia and South Asia?
14. No region exists in a vacuum. It is influenced by outside powers and events no matter how much it may try to insulate itself from non-regional powers. China and the United States remain key players in South Asian politics. Sino-Indian relations have improved significantly in the last ten years, but China’s strategic partnership with Pakistan remains a major irritant. The demands of development and globalisation have brought the two Asian giants closer and their economic ties have multiplied rapidly since 1991. Delhi 2012 Study the paragraph given above carefully and answer the following questions
(i) Which two countries have been referred to as ‘Outside power’?
(ii) Which are the two Asian giants and why have they been called so?
(iii) China’s strategic partnership with Pakistan is a major irritant for which country and why?
15. Explain the factors responsible for Pakistan’s failure in building a stable democracy. Describe any two pro-democracy factors present in Pakistan which can pave the way for establishing a lasting democratic set up over there.(6)
16. “Nepal and India enjoy a very special relationship that has very few parallels in the world”. Justify the statement with any three suitable arguments.(6)
17. What does SAARC stand for? Highlight its any three main objectives.(4)
18. How is democratisation going on in Nepal since 1990?(4)
19. ‘Despite the mixed record of democratic experience, the people of all the countries of South Asia share the aspirations of democracy.’ Explain(6)

Saturday 28 March 2020

Class 12 – Political Science (Alternative Centres of Power)
  1. The head quarter of the ASEAN is ______.
    1. Kahira      2.New Delhi   3.Dhaka 4.Jakarta
  2. The South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) was signed by the members of SAARC in which year?
  3. Mention the full form of the following
    1. CTBT     2. ASEAN
  1. When did China get independence?
  2. What are the components of the ASEAN Vision 2020?
  3. Give  reasons why regionally and globally China has become an economic power to reckon with.
  4. Highlight the drawbacks in the changed Chinese economic system.
  5. Explain the role of emerging alternative centres of power in transforming the different countries into prosperous economies.
  6. Identify the contentious issues between China and India. How could these be resolved for greater cooperation ? Give your suggestions.
  7. What steps should be taken to strengthen the ASEAN in the international community?
  8. On a political outline map of world locate and label the following and symbolise them a indicated:
    1. An older member of EU between Portugal and Farnce. Symbolise (A)
    2. An older member near Belguim and Netherlands. Symbolise (B)
    3. The four new members of EU. Symbolise 1,2,3,4.
    4. Four old members of EU. Symbolise 5, 6,7,8.
    5. (i) An older member of the European Union located between Portugal and France.
      (ii) An older member of the European Union located near Belgium and the Netherlands.
      (iii) Two new members of the European Union.
Class 12 Political Science Alternative Centres of Power Extra Questions
  1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions: ASEAN was and still remains principally an economic association. While the ASEAN region as a whole is a much smaller economy compared to the US the EU, and Japan, its economy is growing much faster than all these. This accounts for the growth in its influence both in the region and beyond. The objectives of the ASEAN Economic Community are to create a common market and production base within ASEAN States and to aid social and economic development in the region, The Economic Community would also like to improve the existing ASEAN Dispute Settlement Mechanism to resolve economic disputes. ASEAN has focused on creating a Free Trade Area (FTA) for investment, labour, and services. The US and China have already moved fest to negotiate FTAs with ASEAN. Questions
    1. What is the objective of ASEAN Economic Community?
    2. Why did ASEAN establish Free Trade Areas (FTAs)?
    3. How ASEAN Economic Community would resolve economic disputes?
    4. Which countries have already moved fast to negotiate FTAs with ASEAN and why?
  1. How does geographical proximity influence the formation of regional organisations?
  2. Why was ASEAN established?
  3. What does the logo on the ASEAN flag symbolise?
  4. Under which plan did the USA extend financial support for reviving Europe’s economy after the Second World War?
  5. Name any two members of the EU, who are permanent members of the UN Security Council.
  6. Trace the evolution process of the European Union,
  7. What was the objective of founding the European Union?
  8. What is meant by ASEAN way?
  9. What is meant by the ‘Maastricht Treaty’?
  10. In 1992 which regional organisation was formed?
  11. In the European Union Flag, what does the symbol of ‘twelve gold stars in a circle’ signify?
  12. Describe India’s relations with China from independence
  13. Evaluate any three major factors responsible for making the European Union a political force from economic forces.(6 marks)
  14. Explain the factors responsible for the rise of the Chinese economy.
  15. Explain the vision of the ASEAN for 2020.
  16. Study the cartoon given below and answer the following questionsPolitical Science Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 4 Alternative Centres of Power 3
    (i) Which country does the given cartoon refer to?
    (ii) Identify the two symbols in this cartoon which have given you the clue about the related country.
    (iii) Where does the cartoon place the related country in international power politics?
  17. The conflict of 1962, in which India suffered military reverses, had long-term implications for India-China relations. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were downgraded until 1976. Thereafter, relations bet even the two countries began to ii approve slowly. After the change in China’s political leadership from the mid to late 1970s, China’s policy became more pragmatic and less ideological. So, it was prepared to put off the settlement of contentious issues while improving relations with India. A series of talks to resolve the border issues were also initiated in 1981. (Delhi 2012 )
    Study the paragraph given above carefully and answer the following questions
    (i) Why did India suffer military reverses as a result of the conflict of 1962?
    (ii) Why did the relation between India and China slowly improve?
    (iii) What was the change in the policy of China in the seventies?
    (iv) Which efforts were made to resolve the border issue between? India and China?
  18. Do you think Japan as one of the alternative powers? Justify